Equipping Yourself To Work With Confidence
Equipping Yourself To Work With Confidence On Your Car
Your automobile can not be properly maintained and well-kept without the necessary tools and equipment. A basic kit is the minimum number of tools and aids needed to carry out simple service tasks. Others can be obtained as you need them. Buy tools of a respected brand if possible. They need not be the most pricy, but avoid very inexpensive tools, which could before long wear out or even fail and be unsafe.
There are a few all important tools that you will need only sometimes - a hub puller for illustration. Such tools, which may be costly to buy, might become available at garage auction sales or in some centres you may be able to lease them. Not all tools around are distinguished by the same name but the descriptions on the following pages will give you an idea of what is generally available. Virtually all automobiles in South Africa will need metricatedspanners. If the automobile is very old, look into the service manual for actual bolt sizes before purchasing spanners.
Taking care after your tools to get the best from your tools and gear, keep them washed, dry and properly stored. For long-run storage, apply a thinly smear of oil to keep metal parts unrusted. Never mix up tools together, particularly those with a cutting edge. A tool wrap with individual pockets is handy for transporting tools in the automobile, and holds adequate for roadside repairs. Maintain cutting tools sharpened and do not use tools that are damaged - a hammer with a loose head, for Illustration.
Protecting yourself from dirt and grease When working on a automobile, you cannot avoid grease and dirt, so put on a match of auto-mechanic overalls. For A lot of tasks you will need protective goggles to keep sand and dirt from your eyes - when working on the exhaust system, for example, wherever there is often flaking rust. Take care to protect your hands. Tender skin can be seriously affected by some of the fluids - such as brake fluid - used in automobiles. A barrier cream rubbed into your hands before you beginning do work helps to protect them from abrasive chemicals and also Gets in easier to wash off grease and dirt once you have finished. It is recommended to use a lanolin-based workshop soap - sold in cans and applied without water - to washed off nearly all dirt and grease from your hands before washing. Have some rag or paper towels accessible for wiping the soap and grease from your hands.
Nut and bolt sizes On most modem automobiles, nuts and bolts are measured in metric unit sizes. Imperial sizes may have been utilised on earlier British cars. Almost all nuts and bolts have hexagonal (six-sided) heads. For the purposes of ascertaining the precise spanner to use on a given nut, the size of the bolt's head is usually measured across the flats - that is, between two opposing flat sides of the hexagon. Metric sizes across the flats are given in millimeters, the most more common imperial sizes (known as AF sizes) in fractions of an inch. Spanners in Whitworth sizes - outdated on modem automobiles - give measurements in fractions of an inch and refer to the stem diameter of the bolt. Small bolts used mostly for electric gear are made in BA (British Association) sizes. The bolts are measured of the thread size in thousandths of an inch and are referred to by number; the larger the nUmber, the smaller the size. The size range is generally from 0, 117in. (number 10) to0, 412in. (numberOL When buying tools, remember that there is no exact conversion between metric and imperial sizes: that is, you cannot convert the size of a metric nut to an imperial measurement and expect an appropriate size of AF spanner to fit it, or the other way around. For this understanding, a collection of old spanners is especially of value to any person interested in working on age-old vehicles.